SFPUC: Groundwater Educational Video from BAYCAT on Vimeo.
On an average day, the City of San Francisco – its residents, businesses, and visitors – consumes about 63 million gallons of water. This water is supplied by the Hetch Hetchy and Bay Area reservoirs. Developing local groundwater helps diversify our supply portfolio and ensure we have a local source for water should a drought, earthquake or other disaster interrupt our Regional Water System supply. For a project overview, click here.
A Reliable Local Source of Water
On an average day the City of San Francisco – including our residents, businesses and visitors – will continue to rely primarily on the Hetch Hetchy Regional Water System, a system that combines the resources of the Hetch Hetchy Reservoir with 5 reservoirs in the Bay Area, for 60 million gallons of drinking water. On average, about 85% of our water is supplied by Hetch Hetchy and our local reservoirs provide the remaining 15%. Adding groundwater to our regional water supplies makes San Francisco’s water supply more reliable, particularly in the event of droughts and emergencies.
Water Quality: Our Highest Commitment
For the past decade, the SFPUC has collected water quality data from the Westside Basin aquifer. With this extensive testing and data collection, we know that our local groundwater is a high-quality source of water. After blending our local groundwater with our other supplies, we will continue to provide drinking water that surpasses all State and Federal drinking water standards.
As part of the Project, we have also developed a comprehensive water quality monitoring program that will sample and analyze both the water from individual production wells and the blended water supplied to customers. To keep our customers informed about their water supply during the start-up phase of project implementation, we are updating the results of water quality monitoring of the blended water supply twice a month (at the end of the first and third week of each month). The most recent data are posted here.
How it Works
In April, 2017, the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) began pumping groundwater from the Westside Groundwater Basin aquifer that extends from approximately 270 feet to 460 feet below the surface. The groundwater is treated and blended with our regional drinking water supplies before it is delivered to our customers. Over the next few years we will continue adding groundwater in order to reach our goal of blending 4 million gallons a day (mgd) of treated groundwater with our regional water supplies.
Golden Gate Park central groundwater well site
West Sunset groundwater well station site
South Sunset groundwater well station site
Lake Merced groundwater well station site
To date, four wells have been completed, with the remaining two still in construction. The groundwater is treated with chlorine and then delivered to the Sunset and Sutro reservoirs. The blended water is served to more than half of the SFPUC's customers in the City. San Francisco’s drinking water supplies are tested daily with a network of instrumentation throughout our regional water system as well as through manual sampling.
More than Just a Well!
The West Sunset Well Facility’s design includes features that will allow it to serve as an emergency drinking water supply. It can be connected to a generator for backup power, provide on-site disinfection, and be connected to a dedicated hydrant for filling water tanker trucks.
A Vital Project with Multiple Benefits
The San Francisco Groundwater Supply Project is an important component of the Water System Improvement Program
and provides both local and regional benefits.
- Local: Our environment and our City face many unknowns in the future from possible drought, earthquake and climate change. A local water source will give us more control over the use and operation of our water supplies.
- Sustainable: Groundwater is a renewable water source that is replenished through natural processes.
- Reliable: This project diversifies the City’s water supply portfolio, which will reduce our dependence on a single source, thus making us less vulnerable to disrupted services.
- Responsible: This project will coordinate closely with the SFPUC’s Westside Basin Groundwater Monitoring Program, a robust monitoring network, to make sure that we operate in a responsible and sustainable manner so that this groundwater basin will be available for generations to come.